Dark-eyed Junco

This small bird is a common sight across North America, seen foraging on forest floors. Look for their dark grey heads, and bright white outer tail feathers that can be seen while in flight.

Dark-eyed Junco, photo by Mick Thompson

Size & Shape: 5 3/4″. Sparrow-shaped.

Color: Black hood, plain brown back, short, pink conical bill, white outer tail feathers, whitish belly.

Behavior: Flocks forage on ground, also in trees, mostly for seeds, insects. Often scratches at ground with feet. Regular beneath bird feeders.

Habitat: Nests in coniferous, mixed woods, particular at brushy edges. In migration, winter can appear anywhere, including cities.

Field Marks: Dark gray hood, pale peach brown flanks, rusty back, sparrow-like body shape.

Songs & Calls: Listen here.

Fun Facts: One of the most common birds in North America, there are an estimated 630 million Dark-eyed Juncos across the continent.

Scientific Name: Junco hyemalis