Feeding Waterfowl

Please don’t feed waterfowl

Feeding waterfowl can create many problems for the birds as well as for the environment. The notion that waterfowl cannot survive without human intervention is false.

Ducks and geese have survived for thousands of years without being fed by humans, and today many species of waterfowl are thriving. Please enjoy our local waterfowl but view them from a distance and respect their wildness. By doing so, you will provide them with their best chance for survival.  

Reasons to Not Feed Waterfowl

1. Dietary and nutritional problems for the birds. The age-old practice of feeding ducks and geese bread, pastries, cookies and various other assorted types of junk food can cause significant health problems for these birds. These highly processed foods provide little or no nutritional value and may actually contribute to starvation among waterfowl.

Moldy foods can impact their health just as it does our own. Ducks and geese are far better off building their reserves by moving from location to location in search of a healthy natural diet than they are living on foods that we would never consider feeding to our children or pets. Although all feeding is discouraged, it is especially critical not to feed foods that diverge from the birds’ natural diet, such as bread and other baked goods.

Mallards, photo by Flickr user hedera.baltica

2. Overpopulation at small urban and suburban parks. Increasingly, our urban and suburban parks are home to year-round resident populations of waterfowl that remain static because of the endless food supply provided by well-meaning humans. Many of our parks are plagued with sick and injured ducks that are a direct result of the intense aggression and competition that occurs when waterfowl populations become overly concentrated.

The Care Center receives dozens of severely injured female ducks each spring that have been attacked by gangs of aggressive drakes (male ducks). We also receive dozens of reports each spring of female mallards nesting far, sometimes more than a mile, from the nearest water source. This is a direct response to their inability to successfully incubate and raise young in our overpopulated parks.

3. Severe habitat degradation. Providing food quickly attracts concentrations of waterfowl beyond what the natural ecosystem can support. Large concentrations of waterfowl can reduce water quality and de-vegetate natural areas. Concentrating large populations of waterfowl into small natural areas is not a sustainable strategy. As numbers increase, natural forage will decrease and individuals will only become more dependent upon humans to provide them food.

4. Loss of natural fear of humans. For many wild animals survival is contingent upon maintaining a healthy fear of humans. Feeding waterfowl can quickly cause them to lose their instinctive sense of fear. While the food provider may have the best of intentions, the ducks still have to survive in a world filled with hazards. On an urban landscape full of dogs, cats, cars and people, the duck or goose that maintains its innate wildness ultimately has the best chance for survival.

Canada Geese, photo by Flickr user stanze

5. Disease among waterfowl populations: Feeding of waterfowl can lead to aggressive behavior towards humans especially among geese. Unconsumed bread and other “human foods” remain on the ground as nothing more than unsightly litter. Finally waterfowl habituated to human handouts are more likely to take up residence and less likely to be successfully driven away from locations such as golf courses where they may not be welcomed by the human occupants. When such conflicts occur, it is inevitably the wildlife that loses in the end.

**Portions of this document taken from Massachusetts Bird Alliance of Oregon Society “Feeding Waterfowl” article.